Georgia is a country in Eurasia, Caucasus, on the eastern coast of the Black Sea. On north it shares a border with Russia, on south with Turkey and Armenia and on south-east with Azerbaijan. This transcontinental country is situated on the edge of Europe and Western Asia, though culturally, socially and politically it is a part of Europe. Capital city: Tbilisi.
The territory of modern Georgia has always been inhabited since the Early Stone Age. Early Georgian states of Iberia and kolkheti (Colkhis) rouse in the Classic Antique period which gave a foundation to a common Georgian culture and state. Christianity has been established since the beginning of the third century. The country became a united monarchy in 1008.
Georgia has a system of representative democracy and it is organized as Unitarian, semi-presidential republic. Nowadays the country is a member of several international organizations – UN, EU, GUAM, World Trade Organization and Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).
Georgia is 69.700 km2 in area, border length – 1771 km, land border is 1.461 km (Armenia – 164, Azerbaijan – 322, Russia – 723, Turkey - 252), and maritime border is 310 km.