Borjom-Kharagauli Park

National Park Borjomi - Kharagauli

The park was founded in 1996 with financial support from the German government and the World Wide Fund for Wildlife (WWF). The park occupies 76,000 hectares; and is one of the largest national parks in Europe, which is about 1% of the entire territory of Georgia.

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Borjom-Kharagauli Park

The park was founded in 1996 with financial support from the German government and the World Wide Fund for Wildlife (WWF). The park occupies  76,000 hectares; and  is one of the largest national parks in Europe, which is about 1% of the entire territory of Georgia. In the Middle Ages, the territory of today's national park was a site for hunting and feasting of Georgian kings and princes. The history of the park as a protected area dates to the XIX century, when in 1862 the brother of Emperor Alexander II, Mikhail Romanov  was appointed the governor of the king in Georgia while already connected to Russia.. The emperor was impressed by the beauty of nature, and gave his brother the Borjomi valley. Mikhail Romanov enclosed  a significant portion of the forest here and banned illegal hunting and logging. So this  was the first protected area in the Caucasus. 
 
National Park is located in  three historical regions - Imereti, Samtskhe - Saatabago and Shida Kartli, within six administrative districts. The highest point of the  park is mount "Sametshvario" with a height of 2642 m. The variety of geographical, physical and climatic conditions of the park is due to the richness and diversity of its flora and fauna. In the forests and in alpine and subalpine meadows grow many ancient t and native plants: Caucasian fir, pine, Colchis oak, yew, Caucasian beech, hornbeam, ash, iris of Vinogradov and Stevens. The diverse fauna of the  park is also remarkable. The reserve is home to wolves, lynx, bear, white deer, argali, wild boar, weasel, marten, Caucasian squirrel, fox and rabbit. Also in the park mountain eagles, vultures, and the Caucasian black grouse are found.
 
Hiking and horseback tours of the park can be arranged.

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