National Park Mtirala

Mtirala National park was opened on 27 June 2007. Park’s space is 15,804 hectares. The park is located on the territory of three municipalities: Kobuleti, Khelvachauri and Keady. It is covered with pretty well-preserved ecosystems of forests and bushes. The area is completely covered with forest.

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National Park Mtirala

Mtirala National park was opened on 27 June 2007. Park’s space is 15,804 hectares. The park is located on the territory of three municipalities: Kobuleti, Khelvachauri and Keady. It is covered with pretty well-preserved ecosystems of forests and bushes. The area is completely covered with forest. Creation of the park gives an opportunity to protect the relic forests of southern Colchis. Basic (of special protection) zone of the park is covered almost untouched Colchian forest area, which is represented by unique woody plants. Unspoiled natural vegetation is conditioned of difficult terrain, difficult accessible location and existing, over time, protection regime. To this day, the territory of the park remains as a shelter for animals and plants, including rare, endangered endemnic and relict species. Average annual rainfall is over 2,000 mm. Mountain Didi Mtirala is a place of most intense rainfall (4520 mm during the year) throughout Georgia. That's why toponym "Mtirala" (crying) was given to this mountain. In the park are the main water resources of the river Chakvistskali and Korolistskali which flow into the Black Sea, and on the southern slope of the ridge - Adzharistskali tributaries. On the territory you can find much mineral freshwater known of their healing properties.


On the territory of national park Mtirala three forms of soil are mainly presented: red soil, black soil and forest black soil.
 

The National Park Mtirala stands for rare relict plant diversity. Here are common 284 varieties 202genera and 68 families, including 18 species of woody plants, shrubs of 21 species and 245 species of herbal plants. 16 species are endemic, of which the Caucasian -5, Georgian - 1, Colchis - 3 and Adjarian - 3.


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