Petra Fortress

Petra was built in the year of 535 by John Strategos, according to the order of Emperor Justinian. The word "Petra" in Greek means "rock." In the Georgian historical sources it was still known as "Kadzhi fortress". Byzantine historian Procopius of Caesarea wrote: “next to Pontius is Lasike, where the city of Petra is situated.

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Petra Fortress

Petra was built in the year of 535 by John Strategos, according to the order of Emperor Justinian. The word "Petra" in Greek means "rock." In the Georgian historical sources it was still known as "Kadzhi fortress". Byzantine historian Procopius of Caesarea wrote: “next to Pontius is Lasike, where the city of Petra is situated. The city was built by Emperor Justinian in my time. "
Petra is a typically Laz fortress. It has undergone many changes. It is like a fortress located on the main road, was of great economic importance. Fortress ruins are clearly visible from the sea, and in the feral vegetation can see the remains of the fortress wall.
Length of fortress remains is 200 m, width - 100 m. Fortress is situated on two hills. Citadel occupies 2 hectares., Wall passes through mountainous terrain.  Fortress had tight doors, which were closed for two deadbolts. At present, 7 meter - double wall and several massive towers are saved. During the last excavations remains of a three-aisled basilica and baths are found.
Petra fortress has undergone many wars. In 540-550 years, under the walls of it two outposts of civilization fought - the Persian and the Roman Empire, Emperor Justinian and the king Khosrow. Researchers also believe that not once mentioned "Kadzhi Fortress” by Shota Rustaveli in his immortal poem "The Knight in the Panther's Skin” - is the fortress of Petra - Tsikhisdziri.


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